The book is devoted to the theory of development of the biological
systems.

The fundamental equation of life of a biological population,
based on the general physical principles, allows us to
get all the basic equations of population dynamics, describing
the development of the populations under various environmental
conditions.

The same populational equation describes the development
of human population and the population transition,
that occured in the human population in the late 20-th century.
This transition may indicate the fact that the human
population consists of two super-races – the old ”slow” race
with deep historical roots, and new fast-growing human race,
that appeared on Earth relatively recently.

The separate chapter of the book presents the base classification
of problems, describing the interaction between
predator and prey populations. The classification consists
of ninety-six different equation systems.

The fundamental equation of life describes not only the
development of animal populations but also the development
of cellular populations. It allows us to obtain the equation of
growth of a separate organism.

The book is addressed to a broad auditorium of biologists,
ecologists, and demographers, as well as readers,
interested in the development of the biological populations.